The Stockholm agreement was the first agreement of the parties to the conflict in Yemen. It was the first time since Kuwait, which had been a party to the conflict since Kuwait in 2016, and for the first time since the beginning of the conflict, they managed to agree on several important issues aimed at mitigating the humanitarian situation in Yemen.In this, and the Stockholm consultations remain a step towards building trust between the parties – an essential asset for any successful peace-building effort. The Stockholm agreement was aimed at avoiding a military offensive on Hudaydah and alleviating the humanitarian suffering of the Yemeni people. It could not, alone, bring peace to all of Yemen. This work needs to begin. As work continues to implement the agreement, it is now time to move to a political process to achieve peace throughout Yemen. Yemen can`t wait. 1- An agreement on the city of Hodeidah and the ports of Hodeidah, Salif and Ras Issa. When they arrived in Sweden in December 2018, the Houthis (whose troops were facing a military attack) and the government of President Abed Rabbo Mansour Hadi were under increasing international pressure to reach an agreement. The final push came with the arrival of UN Secretary-General Anténio Guterres to the talks, last-minute phone calls from Mattis to senior Saudi and Emirati officials, and resulting pressure from Riyadh on the Hadi government to accept a compromise on Hodeida. In the end, the agreement was so hasty that the parties did not really sign it.
[fn]”Making Yemen`s Hodeida Deal Stick,” Crisis Group Q-A, 19 December 2018.Hide Footnote They also left the deal`s language vague, especially in the section described the local security forces that were to control Hodeida once front-line forces redeployed. [fn]”Security of the city of Hodeidah and the ports of Hodeidah, Salif and Ras Issa will be the responsibility of local security forces in accordance with Yemeni law. Legal powers must be respected and all obstacles to the proper functioning of local state institutions, including supervisory authorities, are removed. “Agreement on the City of Hodeidah and Ports of Hodeidah, Salif, and Ras Isa,” UN Office of the Special Envoy of the Secretary General for Yemen. See Appendix A. The government points to the terms “in accordance with Yemeni law” to argue that its forces are needed to provide security. For their part, the Houthis say (and the UN agrees) that it has always been understood that the agreement was aimed at averting a humanitarian catastrophe and not at resolving sovereignty issues. Crisis Group interviews, New York, Abu Dhabi, April-June 2019.Hide Footnote While Yemen remains the world`s worst humanitarian crisis, the Stockholm agreement succeeds in abhining further deterioration that would have and are and aving further deterioration which would have and peraundized hundreds of thousands of Yemeni lives.