On the European Union side, the European Parliament also approved the ratification of the agreement on 29 January 2020[40] and the Council of the European Union approved the conclusion of the agreement by e-mail on 30 January 2020. [42] That is why, on 30 January 2020, the European Union also tabled its instrument for ratification of the agreement, concluding the agreement[43] and allowing it to enter into force on the date of the UK`s withdrawal from the EU on 31 January 2020, at 11 .m GMT. The 27 heads of state and government will meet again in September 2016 to continue discussions on the future of the EU. On 29 April, EU-27 heads of state and government met for the first summit, after the UK officially triggered Article 50. They unanimously adopted guidelines for the upcoming Brexit negotiations. It defines the framework for the negotiations and defines the general positions and principles of the EU. “The moment of truth for the Brexit negotiations will be the European Council in October. In October, we expect progress and maximum results in the Brexit talks. We will then decide whether the conditions are right for an extraordinary summit in November to conclude and formalize the agreement. “We are pleased with today`s agreement, but we must not forget that the most difficult challenge remains. The Council adopted, by written procedure, the decision on the conclusion of the agreement on behalf of the EU. The Special Council of the European Council of the EU-27 will adopt the guidelines for the Brexit talks. “We must do everything in our power to make the divorce process the least painful for the EU,” said President Tusk. De Montchalin described the 39 billion euros Johnson threatened to curb as “no points count, nor some kind of exit bill – that sum is only Britain`s commitment.

It is now a question of respecting international law… Britain will always be France`s neighbour. “We will only agree if we think it will have a significant impact on the current situation,” a senior interlocutor told me. “We will not prolong this complex process, which casts a long shadow over a wider EU case, longer than it makes sense.” On 6 September 2020, the Financial Times reported that the UK government was considering drafting new laws to circumvent the protocol of the Northern Ireland Withdrawal Agreement. [45] The new law would give ministers the power to determine which state aid should be notified to the EU and to define which products at risk of being transferred from Northern Ireland to Ireland (the withdrawal agreement stipulates that in the absence of a reciprocal agreement, all products are considered vulnerable). [47] The government defended this approach and stated that the legislation was in accordance with protocol and that it had only “clarified” the volumity in the protocol. [48] Ursula von der Leyen warned Johnson not to violate international law and said that the implementation of the withdrawal agreement by Britain was a “precondition for any future partnership”. [49] On 8 September, the Minister of Foreign Affairs for Northern Ireland, Brandon Lewis, told the British Parliament that the government`s internal market bill would “violate international law”.” [50] The European Council`s decision of 22 March and the EUCO decision of 11 April set out the conditions for the extension: both state that the extension “excludes any re-opening of the withdrawal agreement”. In a letter dated 22 March and another on 11 April, Sir Tim Barrow, the UK`s permanent representative to the EU, confirmed the UK`s agreement on the extensions and their terms. [21] Financial liquidation is not a fixed amount, but an agreed method for calculating the cost of these liabilities. The methodology is based on principles based, among other things, on the fact that no Member State should pay more or less because of the UK`s withdrawal.