India signed the Memorandum of Understanding (LEMOA) with the United States in August 2016, after decades of negotiations. Since then, it has concluded several such agreements with France, Oman, the Philippines and Singapore and has gained access to the port of Sabang in Indonesia. “If we get the LSA, it will go a long way to facilitating future activity, which means that the scale of the activity involved means that the paperwork is quite huge,” diplomatic sources said. A diplomatic source said last year that a refuelling exercise between the two marines last year had “become a modeling exercise, because we couldn`t really switch on fuel because we didn`t have an agreement on logistics.” Relations between India and Australia have come a long way since the period of mutual distrust between the two, of which only relics remain today. While it is not possible to say that there are no obstacles in this relationship, they are insignificant in relation to the points of convergence. The strategic relationship has been under construction for a few years. Bilateral and multilateral military exercises alone show that both countries are working to improve interoperability in order to maintain the right settlement in the region. The proposed MLSA will significantly strengthen the project. Moreover, the agreement can only be characterized as a logistical support agreement between the United States and its Indo-Pacific space partners, which will help them to multiply their limited capabilities to deal with unforeseen events.
After concluding a logistical support agreement with Japan earlier this week, India is now working on three such agreements with Russia, the UK and Vietnam, two official sources said. The agreement with Russia is expected to be signed in October. The agreements with the UK and Vietnam are under discussion, one of the sources said. The agreement with Russia, Mutual Logistics Assistance (ARLS), is expected to be signed at the bilateral summit between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and President Vladimir Putin in mid-October, Roman Babushkin, deputy head of the Russian embassy`s mission in India, said earlier this week. In South Asia, Washington reached a similar agreement with Sri Lanka. It was not until March last year that the two countries signed CASA (valid for 10 years) to transfer and exchange logistical supplies, assistance and resupply services for peacekeeping missions, humanitarian operations and joint exercises. It is also a logical culmination of the growing familiarization between the two military personnel that were part of the largest military exercises last year with Japan, Australia and Singapore. The important aspect is “interoperability,” which means that the Indian and U.S. armed forces can cooperate in emergency situations without wasting time getting acquainted with each other`s armed forces. India and the United States are no strangers to the agreement described under the LSA. During the 1991 Persian Gulf War, the Indian government stocked up on U.S.
warplanes at Sahar International Airport in Mumbai. However, this measure had been criticized by opposition parties and the government had to withdraw its installation thereafter. The biggest beneficiary of the logistics pacts has been the navy, which interacts and trains most with foreign navies. In the case of deep-sea operations, exercises or humanitarian aid missions, fuel, food and other needs can be exchanged and resolved at a later date according to the terms and conditions.  Dipanjan Roy Chaudhury, “Australia moots logistics support agreement with India to widen defence partnership in Indo-Pacific region,” The Economic Times, 12 June 2019.